Characterisation and pathogenicity of bacteria from shoot tips of the globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.)
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Cita bibliográficaPenyalver, R. Durán-Vila, N. & López, M. M. (1994). Characterisation and pathogenicity of bacteria from shoot tips of the globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). Annals of Applied Biology, 125(3), 501-513.
Bacteria have been isolated from shoot tips of symptomless globe artichoke plants. These were identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas marginalis, Pseudomonas spp., Serratia liquefaciens, Enterobacter agglomerans/Erwinia, Agrobacterium radiobacter, an unidentified member of Rhizobiaceae and another classified in the “corynebacteria” group. The most frequently isolated species was P. fluorescens, biovars II and III. The endogenous character of these bacteria was studied in plants growing in vitro and in the open field. P. fluorescens, P. marginalis, S. liquefaciens and E. agglomerans/Erwinia caused symptoms in plants growing in vitro, but only P. fluorescens biovar II and P. marginalis produced symptoms in plants growing in open fields. Differences in pathogenicity were observed on inoculated plants growing in vitro or in the open field. This suggests that several endophytic bacterial species may be responsible for the high levels of contaminants found during the micropropagation of globe artichoke.