Study of light penetration depth of a Vis-NIR hyperspectral imaging system for the assessment of fruit quality. A case study in persimmon fruit
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Cita bibliográficaRodríguez-Ortega, A., Aleixos, N., Blasco, J., Albert, F. & Munera, S. (2023). Study of light penetration depth of a Vis-NIR hyperspectral imaging system for the assessment of fruit quality. A case study in persimmon fruit. Journal of Food Engineering, 358, 111673.
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is one of the most studied optical techniques to estimate the internal quality of fruits and vegetables. Absorbance and reflectance of the light radiation are specific to each biological tissue and are directly related to its chemical composition and physical characteristics. These properties are influenced by other extrinsic factors, such as the instrumentation or the light source, which can reduce the reproducibility of the experiments. Determining the actual depth of light penetration into tissue could help validate non-contact methods as accurate tools to assess quality properties based on optical properties. In the case of HSI systems, it is crucial to know how far the light penetrates at each wavelength. A non-destructive approach, based on the spatially resolved spectroscopic principle, was proposed to estimate the light penetration depth of a HSI system in a Vis-NIR configuration (in the range 450–1050 nm). This method was applied to measure the light penetration depth in persimmon fruit. The absorption (μa) and scattering (μ's) coefficients from Farrell's diffusion theory were estimated using the backscattered light measured at different distances from the incident point light at each wavelength in hyperspectral images of persimmon fruit. The actual light penetration depth was obtained by measuring the reflectance of cut pieces of persimmon fruit with different thicknesses. Linear regression was used to relate the depth of penetrability obtained by both protocols, the estimated or non-destructive protocol and the actual or destructive protocol, showing a high relationship (R2 > 0.8 and RPD>2.5) in the range 610–1050 nm. This confirms that this non-destructive approach proposed for estimating the light penetration depth of a Vis-NIR HSI system in persimmon fruit is accurate, so it could be used as a valuable method to evaluate other HSI systems for different fruits.