Comparative Analysis of Novel Lytic Phages for Biological Control of Phytopathogenic Xanthomonas spp.
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Cita bibliográficaDomingo-Calap, M. L., Bernabéu-Gimeno, M., Aure, C. M., Marco-Noales, E. & Domingo-Calap, P. (2022). Comparative Analysis of Novel Lytic Phages for Biological Control of Phytopathogenic Xanthomonas spp. Microbiology Spectrum, 10(6), e02960-22.
Xanthomonas is an important genus of plant-pathogenic bacteria that affects agronomic and economically important crops, causing serious economic losses. In fact, several Xanthomonas species are considered regulated quarantine pests. Due to the lack of effective control measures to treat plant-pathogenic bacteria, innovative control tools are needed to carry out integrated disease management. In this regard, bacteriophages (phages), viruses of bacteria, constitute a promising biocontrol tool. In this work, we report the isolation and characterization of 11 novel Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis phages belonging to different families and genera of the class Caudoviricetes. Infectivity matrix in more than 60 isolates of different xanthomonads and other phytopathogenic bacteria suggests that these phages are specific to the Xanthomonas genus, with different host ranges depending on the isolates tested. Interestingly, some of these phages showed relevant features to be used as biocontrol tools to combat pathogenic Xanthomonas spp. as important as X. oryzae or X. citri. *Importance: Phytopathogenic bacteria represent serious losses worldwide. The lack of current treatments has focused the spotlight on phages, viruses of bacteria, as very promising biocontrol tools. Phages are very specific and can help to control bacterial infections in crops, as is the case of xanthomonads-associated diseases. The discovery of new environmental phages with lytic capacity that can help to combat these pathogens is of special relevance, and it is necessary to implement phage isolation and characterization techniques to determine their host range and their genomic properties. The establishment of phage collections worldwide will allow their use as preventive, diagnostic, or therapeutic tools. Although there is still a long way to go, this work is a step forward in the implementation of new ecofriendly techniques to combat key pathogens in the field.