Oocyte quality and in vivo embryo survival after ovarian stimulation in nulliparous and multiparous rabbit does
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AuthorVicente, José Salvador; Marco-Jiménez, Francisco; Pérez-García, M.; Naturil-Alfonso, C.; Penaranda, David S.; Viudes-De-Castro, María P.
Cita bibliográficaVicente, J. S., Marco-Jiménez, F., Pérez-García, M., Naturil-Alfonso, C., Peñaranda, D. S. & Viudes-de-Castro, M. P. (2022). Oocyte quality and in vivo embryo survival after ovarian stimulation in nulliparous and multiparous rabbit does. Theriogenology, 189, 53-58.
Superovulation treatments aim to stimulate multifollicular recruitment, maximizing the number of oocytes or transferable embryos produced. Factors associated with the superovulation protocol, female characteristics and many other factors are determinants in the number and quality of oocytes obtained. An accurate way to assess oocyte quality more precise than morphological appearance is genetic expression. The present study aims to compare the response of nulliparous and multiparous females to superovulatory stimulation, studying its effect on the expression of some genes associated with the activation, growth, development and oocyte-embryo transition of oocytes, as well as its impact on in vivo embryonic development and viability rate at birth. In a first experiment, the effect of stimulation treatment on the ovulation response and the expression of the MSY2, MATER, ITPR1, ITPR2, ITPR3, eIF4E, PAR1, PAPOL-A, PAPOL-G, ZAR1 and YY1 genes in nulliparous and multiparous females were determined. In a second experiment, the implantation and viability at birth of embryos from superovulated nulliparous and multiparous females were analysed. The ovulation rate was significantly higher in the superovulation groups than in the control groups. The ovulation rate was significantly increased in nulliparous females compared with multiparous does. From the eleven genes analysed, only the expression of MATER, PAPOL-A, PAPOL-G and ZAR-1 genes was shown to be different among experimental groups. Finally, in terms of implantation rate and viability at birth, the nulliparous control group showed better results than the rest of the groups. Both hyperstimulation treatment and reproductive female's history seem to alter the transcriptome of important genes related to oocyte maturation and competence acquisition, affecting in vivo embryo viability