Morphological characterization of eggplant landraces: key for ensuring nutritional quality and biodiversity conservation
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AuthorMartínez-Ispizua, Eva; Martínez-Cuenca, Mary-Rus; Marsal, José I.; Díez, María José; Soler, Salvador; Valcárcel, José Vicente; Calatayud, Ángeles
Cita bibliográficaMartínez-Ispizua, E., Martínez-Cuenca, M. R., Marsal, J. I., Diez, M. J., Soler, S., Valcarcel, J. V. et al. (2021). Morphological characterization of eggplant landraces: key for ensuring nutritional quality and biodiversity conservation. XXIV Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Biology. XVII Spanish Portuguese Congress on Plant Biology. Book of abstracts, 502.
The genetic erosion caused in crops by prioritizing production over quality has led to a loss of biodiversity (Brush, 1992; Castillo, 2008), which compromises global food security. As for eggplant, there is little morphological variability among commercialized eggplants (Hanson et al., 2006), and it is therefore necessary to have a source that helps to increase crop diversity, as are the landraces. Traditional varieties are those that have been differentiated by farmers through a historical process of selection, and are considered an important source of agricultural biodiversity (Jain & Gupta, 2013), which can be used for the development of new varieties while supporting the local economy (Ebbert, 2014).