Analysis of the production structure and crop costs of pomegranates in Spain
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Cita bibliográficaFernández-Zamudio, M. A., Bartual, J. & Melián, A. (2012). Analysis of the production structure and crop costs of pomegranates in Spain. II International Symposium on the Pomegranate, 33-36. Zaragoza: CIHEAM / UHM.
The importance of the pomegranate is growing with increasing worldwide consumer demand, which is stimulated due to this fruits are considered a functional food, its technological improvements in processing and conservation and a wide range of new industrial uses of the fruit (packed arils, juices and extracts). The increased significance of this fruit in world trade is stimulating improvements in farming techniques and commercialization. This paper reviews the production structure of pomegranates in Spain, highlighting both the more favorable and limiting aspects. An analysis of the costs of pomegranate production at representative farms in Alicante province has been performed in order to identify more direct inputs into the economy of the farms which can contribute to their viability and continuity in the medium term. The first finding to be emphasized is that variable costs alone account for over 80% of total costs. Labor is the largest cost (over 32% of total costs), mainly due to the operations of pruning, thinning and harvesting. The irrigation water cost is over 17% due to the high average price of this natural resource in the area. The current average prices in the two main Spanish pomegranate varieties (‘Mollar de Elche’ and ‘Valenciana’) exceed the minimum threshold to offset the costs.