Computer vision for automatic quality inspection of dried figs (Ficus carica L.) in real-time
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AuthorBenalia, Souraya; Cubero, Sergio; Prats-Montalbán, José M.; Bernardi, Bruno; Zimbalatti, Giuseppe; Blasco, José
Cita bibliográficaBenalia, S., Cubero, S., Prats-Montalbán, J. M., Bernardi, B., Zimbalatti, G., & Blasco, J. (2016). Computer vision for automatic quality inspection of dried figs (Ficus carica L.) in real-time. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 120, 17-25.
This work reports the development of automated systems based on computer vision to improve the quality control and sorting of dried figs of Cosenza (protected denomination of origin) focusing on two research issues. The first was based on qualitative discrimination of figs through colour assessment comparing the analysis of colour images obtained using a digital camera with those obtained according to conventional instrumental methods, i.e. colourimetry currently done in laboratories. Data were expressed in terms of CIE XYZ, CIELAB and HunterLab colour spaces, as well as the browning index measurement of each fruit, and then, analysed using PCA and PLS-DA based methods. The results showed that both chroma meter and image analysis allowed a complete distinction between high quality and deteriorated figs, according to colour attributes. The second research issue had the purpose of developing image processing algorithms to achieve real-time sorting of figs using an experimental prototype based on machine vision, simulating an industrial application. An extremely high 99.5% of deteriorated figs were classified correctly as well as 89.0% of light coloured good quality figs A lower percentage was obtained for dark good quality figs but results were acceptable since the most of the confusion was among the two classes of good product.