Modeling the Accuracy of Three Detection Methods of Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 During the Dormant Period Using a Bayesian Approach
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AuthorOlmos, Antonio; Bertolini, Edson; Ruiz-García, Ana B.; Martínez, M. Carmen; Peiró, Rosa; Vidal, Eduardo
Cita bibliográficaOlmos, A., Bertolini, E., Ruiz-García, A. B., Martínez, C., Peiró, R., & Vidal, E. (2016). Modeling the accuracy of three detection methods of Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 during the dormant period using a Bayesian approach. Phytopathology, 106(5), 510-518.
Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) has a worldwide distribution and is the most economically important virus that causes grapevine leafroll disease. Reliable, sensitive, and specific methods are required for the detection of the pathogen in order to assure the production of healthy plant material and control of the disease. Although different serological and nucleic acid-based methods have been developed for the detection of GLRaV-3, diagnostic parameters have not been established, and there is no gold standard method. Therefore, the main aim of this work was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios of three commonly used methods, including one serological test (double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [DAS-ELISA]) and two nucleic acid-based techniques (spot and conventional real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR]). Latent class models using a Bayesian approach have been applied to determine diagnostic test parameters and to facilitate decision-making regarding diagnostic test selection. Statistical analysis has been based on the results of a total of 281 samples, which were collected during the dormant period from three different populations. The best-fit model out of the 49 implemented models revealed that DAS-ELISA was the most specific method (value = 0.99) and provided the highest degree of confidence in positive results. Conversely, conventional real-time RT-PCR was the most sensitive method (value = 0.98) and produced the highest degree of confidence in negative results. Furthermore, the estimation of likelihood ratios showed that in populations with low GLRaV-3 prevalence the most appropriate method could be DAS-ELISA, while conventional real-time RT-PCR could be the most appropriate method in medium or high prevalence populations. Combining both techniques significantly increases detection accuracy. The flexibility and power of Bayesian latent class models open new possibilities for the evaluation of diagnostic tests for plant viruses.