Application of 2D and 3D image technologies to characterise morphological attributes of grapevine clusters
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AuthorTello-Moro, Javier; Cubero, Sergio; Blasco, José; Tardáguila, Javier; Aleixos, Nuria; Ibanez, Javier
Cita bibliográficaTello, J., Cubero, S., Blasco, J., Tardaguila, J., Aleixos, N., & Ibáñez, J. (2016). Application of 2D and 3D image technologies to characterise morphological attributes of grapevine clusters. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(13), 4575-4583.
Background: Grapevine cluster morphology influences the quality and commercial value of wine and table grapes. It is routinely evaluated by subjective and inaccurate methods that do not meet the requirements set by the food industry. Novel two‐dimensional (2D) and three‐dimensional (3D) machine vision technologies emerge as promising tools for its automatic and fast evaluation. Results: The automatic evaluation of cluster length, width and elongation was successfully achieved by the analysis of 2D images, significant and strong correlations with the manual methods being found (r = 0.959, 0.861 and 0.852, respectively). The classification of clusters according to their shape can be achieved by evaluating their conicity in different sections of the cluster. The geometric reconstruction of the morphological volume of the cluster from 2D features worked better than the direct 3D laser scanning system, showing a high correlation (r = 0.956) with the manual approach (water displacement method). In addition, we constructed and validated a simple linear regression model for cluster compactness estimation. It showed a high predictive capacity for both the training and validation subsets of clusters (R2 = 84.5 and 71.1%, respectively). Conclusion: The methodologies proposed in this work provide continuous and accurate data for the fast and objective characterisation of cluster morphology. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry