PdSlt2 Penicillium digitatum mitogen-activated-protein kinase controls sporulation and virulence during citrus fruit infection.
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Cita bibliográficade Ramón-Carbonell, M., & Sánchez-Torres, P. (2017). PdSlt2 Penicillium digitatum mitogen-activated-protein kinase controls sporulation and virulence during citrus fruit infection. Fungal biology, 121(12), 1063-1074.
The Slt2 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase homologue of Penicillium digitatum, the most relevant pathogen-producing citrus green mould decay during postharvest, was identified and explored. The P. digitatum Slt2-MAPK coding gene (PdSlt2) was functionally characterized by homologous gene elimination and transcriptomic evaluation. The absence of PdSlt2 gene resulted in significantly reduced virulence during citrus infection. The ΔPdSlt2 mutants were also defective in asexual reproduction, showing impairment of sporulation during citrus infection. Gene expression analysis revealed that PdSlt2 was highly induced during citrus fruit infection at early stages (1 dpi). Moreover, PdSlt2 deletion altered gene expression profiles. The relative gene expression (RGE) of fungicide resistance- and fungal virulence-related genes showed that PdSlt2 acts as negative regulator of several transporter encoding genes (ABC and MFS transporters) and a positive regulator of two sterol demethylases. This study indicates that PdSlt2 MAPK is functionally preserved in P. digitatum and highlights the relevant role of the PdSlt2 MAP kinase-mediated signalling pathway in regulating diverse genes crucial for infection and asexual reproduction.