Characteristics Defining Broccoli Cultivars from Different Seed Producers
Derechos de accesoopenAccess
MetadataShow full item record
AuthorOrdiales, Elena; Iglesias, Domingo J.; Alarcón, María V.; Zajara, Lorena; Gil, Jesús; Gutiérrez, Juan I.; Salguero, Julio
Cita bibliográficaOrdiales, E., Iglesias, D. J., Alarcón, M. V., Zajara, L., Gil, J., Gutiérrez, J. I., & Salguero, J. (2017). Characteristics defining broccoli cultivars from different seed producers. International Journal of Agronomy, 2017. Article ID 8216390, 6 pages.
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) is currently considered a main vegetable food in the markets due to its high nutritional value, containing elevated levels of phytochemicals widely described to have beneficial effects against cancer and other illnesses. Broccoli is an interesting crop with a high commercial value because it complements the tomato industry, the main agricultural income in Badajoz, Spain. Nine varieties of broccoli from four nurseries were evaluated by analyzing both agronomic and quality parameters. Total yield and number of harvests were monitored. Parameters defining quality like diameter, weight, and height of the heads were determined. Granulometry, compactness, and the presence of internal leaves in the heads were also analyzed. Diameter and height of sprouts were complementarily estimated. Principal component analysis was further employed to investigate the relationship between the agronomic variables and the cultivars and nurseries. Results revealed that both first and second principal components explained more than 75% of the variance and grouped data according their cultivar and commercial origin. Additionally, correlations between the scores of those components and the values of the phenotypic parameters suggested that head weights are main determinants of the phenotypic differences observed among the cultivars whereas the presence of internal leaves and granulometry and head weight appear to be key traits defining nurseries.