Characterization of Spanish Olive Virome by High Throughput Sequencing Opens New Insights and Uncertainties
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AuthorRuiz-García, Ana Belén; Canales, Celia; Morán, Félix; Ruiz-Torres, Manuel; Herrera-Mármol, Magdalena; Olmos, Antonio
Cita bibliográficaRuiz-García, A.B.; Canales, C.; Morán, F.; Ruiz-Torres, M.; Herrera-Mármol, M.; Olmos, A. Characterization of Spanish Olive Virome by High Throughput Sequencing Opens New Insights and Uncertainties. Viruses 2021, 13, 2233.
The use of high throughput sequencing (HTS) for the analysis of Spanish olive trees showing leaf yellowing discoloration, defoliation, and/or decline has provided new insights into the olive viruses present in Spain and has opened discussions about the pros and cons of these technologies for diagnostic purposes. In this study, we report for the first time in Spanish orchards the presence of olive leaf yellowing-associated virus (OLYaV), for which the second full coding sequence has been determined. This virus has also been detected in a putative vector, the psyllid Euphyllura olivina. In addition, the presence in Spain of Olea europaea geminivirus (OEGV), recently reported in Italy, has been confirmed, and the full-length sequence of two isolates was obtained by HTS and Sanger sequencing. These results, as well as the detection of other viral sequences related to olive latent virus 3 (OLV-3) and olive viral satellite RNA, raises questions on the biological significance of the findings, about the requirement of standardization on the interpretation of HTS results, and the necessity of additional tests to confirm the relevance of the HTS detection of viral sequences