First Detection and Molecular Characterization of Apple Stem Grooving Virus, Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus, and Apple Hammerhead Viroid in Loquat in Spain
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Cita bibliográficaCanales, C.; Morán, F.; Olmos, A.; Ruiz-García, A.B. First Detection and Molecular Characterization of Apple Stem Grooving Virus, Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus and Apple Hammerhead Viroid in Loquat in Spain. Plants 2021, 10, 2293.
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is an important crop in Spain. To date, only one viral species, apple stem pitting virus (ASPV), has been detected in Spanish loquat orchards. In this study, the presence of additional viruses infecting this crop in Spain was investigated. RT-PCR and high-throughput sequencing (HTS) of symptomatic loquat plants led to first-time detection and characterization of apple stem grooving virus (ASGV), also known as citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV), and apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) from Spain with description of nearly complete genomic sequences. The frequency of ACLSV infection was the highest, with over 30% of the samples testing positive and were also detected as coinfections with ASGV and ASPV, although most of the samples infected were symptomless. Studies on all the full-length sequences available in the databases were performed in order to establish the phylogenetic relationships of the Spanish isolates of these two viral species. Moreover, apple hammerhead viroid (AHVd) was also detected to infect loquat, the first host different from apple reported for this viroid to date.