Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Valencian Pepper Landraces
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AuthorMartínez-Ispizua, Eva; Martínez-Cuenca, Mary-Rus; Marsal, José I.; Díez, María José; Soler, Salvador; Valcárcel, José Vicente; Calatayud, Ángeles
Cita bibliográficaMartínez-Ispizua, E., Martínez-Cuenca, M.-R., Marsal, J.I., Díez, M.J., Soler, S., Valcárcel, J.V. & Calatayud, Á. (2021). Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Valencian Pepper Landraces. Molecules 2021, 26, 1031.
Sweet pepper is one of the most important economic fruits with nutritional attributes. In this sense, the nutraceutical value of consumed products is a major concern nowadays so the content of some bioactive compounds and antioxidants (phenols, ascorbic acid, lycopene, carotenoids, chlorophylls, and antioxidant activity) was monitored in 18 sweet pepper landraces at two maturity stages (green and red). All the traits except chlorophylls significantly increased in red fruits (between 1.5- and 2.3-fold for phenols, ascorbic acid, and 2-2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) inhibition activity, 4.8-fold for carotenoid and 27.4-fold for lycopene content), which suggests that ripening is key for obtaining desired fruit quality. Among landraces, P-44 in green fruits is highlighted for its content in carotenoids, chlorophylls, phenols, and ascorbic acid, and P-46 for its antioxidant capacity and lycopene content. Upon maturity, P-48, P-44, and P-41 presented higher levels of phenols and lycopene, and P-39 of phenols, carotenoid, and DPPH. This work reflects a wide variability in the 18 pepper landraces at bioactive compounds concentration and in relation to fruit ripeness. The importance of traditional landraces in terms of organoleptic properties is emphasized as they are the main source of agricultural biodiversity today and could be helpful for breeders to develop new functional pepper varieties.