Electrical Conductivity Measurements in Agriculture: The Assessment of Soil Salinity
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Cita bibliográficaVisconti, F., & de Paz, J. M. (2016). Electrical conductivity measurements in agriculture: The assessment of soil salinity. In: Rocco, Luigi (Ed.), New Trends and Developments in Metrology (99-126). Intechopen.
Soil salinity is an important issue constraining the productivity of irrigation agriculture around the world. The standard method for soil salinity assessment is based on a laboratory method that is cumbersome and gives rise to limitations for data-intensive works. The use of sensors for the assessment of the apparent electrical conductivity (EC) of soils offers a way to overcome these constraints. These sensors are based on three electromagnetic phenomena, namely, electrical resistivity, electromagnetic induction, and reflectometry. Each class of sensors presents its own advantages and drawbacks. In the following chapter, these are presented along with the most popular commercial EC sensors used in nowadays agriculture, equations for the assessment of soil salinity on basis sensor measurements, some examples of application, and present and future development trends.