Xanthomonas prunicola sp nov., a novel pathogen that affects nectarine (Prunus persica var. nectarina) trees
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AuthorLópez, María M.; López-Soriano, Pablo; Garita-Cambronero, Jerson; Beltran, Carmen; Taghouti, Geraldine; Portier, Perrine; Cubero, Jaime; Fischer-Le Saux, Marion; Marco-Noales, Ester
Cita bibliográficaLópez, M.M.; López-Soriano, P.; Garita-Cambronero, J.; Beltran, C.; Taghouti, G.; Portier, P.; Cubero, J.; Fischer-Le Saux, M.; Marco-Noales, E. (2018). Xanthomonas prunicola sp nov., a novel pathogen that affects nectarine (prunus persica var. nectarina) trees. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 68(6), 1857-1866.
Three isolates obtained from symptomatic nectarine trees (Prunus persica var. nectarina) cultivated in Murcia, Spain, which showed yellow and mucoid colonies similar to Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni, were negative after serological and realtime PCR analyses for this pathogen. For that reason, these isolates were characterized following a polyphasic approach that included both phenotypic and genomic methods. By sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, these novel strains were identified as members of the genus Xanthomonas, and by multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) they were clustered together in a distinct group that showed similarity values below 95% with the rest of the species of this genus. Whole-genome comparisons of the average nucleotide identity (ANI) of genomes of the strains showed less than 91% average nucleotide identity with all other species of the genus Xanthomonas. Additionally, phenotypic characterization based on API 20 NE, API 50 CH and BIOLOG tests differentiated the strains from the species of the genus Xanthomonas described previously. Moreover, the three strains were confirmed to be pathogenic on peach (Prunus persica), causing necrotic lesions on leaves. On the basis of these results, the novel strains represent a novel species of the genus Xanthomonas, for which the name Xanthomonas prunicola is proposed. The type strain is CFBP 8353 (=CECT 9404=IVIA 3287.1).