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dc.contributor.authorGervassio, Nadia G.Salas
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Hedo, Meritxell
dc.contributor.authorLuna, Maria G.
dc.contributor.authorUrbaneja, Alberto
dc.identifier.citationGervassio, N.G.S., Perez-Hedo, M., Luna, M. G., Urbaneja, A. (2017). Intraguild predation and competitive displacement between nesidiocoris tenuis and dicyphus maroccanus, two biological control agents in tomato pests. Insect Science, 24(5), 809-817.
dc.description.abstractDicyphus maroccanus Wagner and Nesidiocoris tenuis Reuter (Hemiptera: Miridae) are 2 biological control agents in tomatoes. Through the crop seasons, a natural shift in the occurrence of both mirids in favor of N. tenuis has been observed at the end of the cropping cycle in eastern Spain. To better optimize their conservation, the reasons for the observed change, such as intraguild interactions (IGP) or the influence of environmental conditions, are worth elucidating. To do this, we first studied the IGP of adult females on heterospecific nymphs in the laboratory. We next studied exploitative competition between adults and nymphs of each species when feeding on Ephestia kueniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) eggs in the laboratory. Finally, to analyze the competitive displacement between both mirids, we conducted a semifield experiment in which both predators were released together. All experiments were conducted at 2 temperature regimes (20 and 25 degrees C). Adult-to-nymph intraguild interactions occurred only at 25 oC at very low levels, showing that N. tenuis attacked and consumed a greater proportion of heterospecific nymphs. Nesidiocoris tenuis was a better competitor than D. maroccanus when feeding on the shared prey in the presence of its heterospecific nymph at 25 oC. In semifield conditions, N. tenuis showed a competitive advantage over D. maroccanus at both temperatures. We conclude that there is not direct interference between both species, however, N. tenuis has a greater ability to outcompete, since it is best adapted to higher temperatures and it is able to remove food sources for D. maroccanus.
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.titleIntraguild predation and competitive displacement between Nesidiocoris tenuis and Dicyphus maroccanus, two biological control agents in tomato pests
dc.authorAddressInstituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Carretera CV-315, Km. 10,7 - 46113 Moncada (València)
dc.entidadIVIACentro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología
dc.journal.titleInsect Science

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España