Morphometric changes in goat sperm heads induced by cryopreservation
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AutorMarco-Jimenez, F.; Viudes-de-Castro, M. P.; Balasch, S.; Moce, E.; Silvestre, M. A.; Gomez, E. A.; Vicente, J. S.
Cita bibliográficaMarco-Jimenez, F., Viudes-de-Castro, M.P., Balasch, S., Moce, E., Silvestre, M.A., Gomez, E.A., Vicente, J.S. (2006). Morphometric changes in goat sperm heads induced by cryopreservation. Cryobiology, 52(2), 295-304.
Two experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of cryopreservation on morphometric characteristics of the goat sperm head. To address this question, we evaluated the size of the sperm head in fresh control cells, post-cooling cells after equilibration with the glycerol preservation solution, and post-thawing cells. Assessment was by automated morphometric sperm head analysis (ASMA) using phase-contrast microscopy without staining. In the first experiment, ASMA was performed on heterospermic pooled samples (fresh, post-cooling after equilibration with the glycerol preservation solution and post-thawing): length, width, area and perimeter were measured. In the second experiment, sperm viability was assessed by Hoechst staining and head morphometry was carried out its before, simultaneously during the cryopreservation process, and the head size was identified for both live and dead spermatozoa. The data were analysed by principal component analysis (PCA). The purpose of PCA is to derive a small number of linear combinations (principal components) from a set of variables (length, width, area and perimeter), that retain as much of the information in the original variables as possible. The main findings that have emerged from this study are that (i) a simple procedure has been developed for measuring spermatozoa heads without staining, which minimises the possibility that sperm head dimensions were influenced by procedural artefacts: (ii) the dimensions of goat sperm heads after cryopreservation in skimmed milk-glucose medium were smaller than in fresh sperm, but this was due to the equilibration phase with the cryoprotectant and not to the cryopreservation process itself, and (iii) dead spermatozoa showed smaller heads than live sperm, consequent upon the loss of membrane function. No differences were observed between post-cooling cells after equilibration with the glycerol preservation solution and post-thawing spermatozoa and only minor osmotic differences between them and fresh sperm were observed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.