Characterization of Monoclonal-Antibodies Against Erwinia-Carotovora Subsp Atroseptica Serogroup-i - Specificity and Epitope Analysis
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The characteristics of two monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), A23/1221.59.44.d.3 (1221) and A23/1239.36.64.e.2 (1239), against Erwinia carotovora subsp, atroseptica serogroup I produced in this study were compared with those of two other independently obtained Mabs, 4G4 in Spain and 4F6 in Canada, using different strains as immunogen and different screening procedures. The reaction pattern of Mabs 1221 and 1239 determined by indirect ELISA on over 200 bacterial strains including five E.c. atroseptica and 36 E.c, carotovora serogroups, seven Erw. chrysanthemi biovars, 23 other plant bacterial pathogens and 33 saprophytic bacteria from potato was similar to that of 4G4. Specificity for E.c. atroseptica serogroup I was improved, especially when skimmed milk (Marvel) was used instead of bovine serum albumin as blocking agent. Mabs 1221, 1239 and 4G4 reacted positively with all 22 E.c. atroseptica serogroup I, the dominant E.c. atroseptica serogroup on potato, strains tested and only with two out of five E.c. atroseptica serogroup XXII strains, one E.c. carotovora serogroup XXI strain and one strain of a saprophytic bacterium, Comamonas sp. Essentially similar results were obtained when examined by immunofluorescence. Characterization of the four Mabs showed that they were IgG, and SDS-PAGE/immunoblot results suggested that they were probably against the O-side chain of bacterial cell wall lipopolysaccharides. In competition ELISA between biotin-labelled and unlabelled Mabs, the competition pattern of the four Mabs was similar. Transformation of the data obtained by titrating the concentration of Mabs 1221, 1239 and 4G4 against a constant bacterial density using the direct linear plot method of Eisenthal and Cornish-Bowden (1974), assuming an analogy between antibody-antigen interaction and Michaelis-Menten enzyme kinetics, indicated that Mab affinity (K-m) and avidity (V-max) were both highest for 4G4 and lowest for 1239.