Efficiency of Repeated In Vivo Oocyte and Embryo Recovery After rhFSH Treatment in Rabbits
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This study aims to assess the efficiency of in vivo oocyte and embryo recovery after a recombinant human FSH (rhFSH) treatment in rabbit does. Females were distributed in two experimental groups: donor does were treated with rhFSH (superovulation group) for 3 days prior to artificial insemination (embryo recovery) or ovulation induction (oocyte recovery) and does without treatment remained as the control group. Mature oocytes or embryos were collected with the laparoscopy technique 16 h after ovulation induction (oocytes) or 72 h after artificial insemination (embryos). Up to four recoveries were performed with each doe. Recovery efficiencies differed significantly between embryos (84%) and oocytes (58%). Yet, the recovery rates for the superovulation and control groups did not differ. The rhFSH group was associated with a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the number of oocytes and embryos recovered in comparison with the control group (10.2 +/- 1.0 and 14.3 +/- 1.2 vs 6.0 +/- 2.7 and 8.4 +/- 2.3 for oocytes and embryos, respectively). Results from this study indicate that repeated in vivo oocyte and embryo recovery from rhFSH superovulated does maximizes the number of oocytes or embryos collected from the same female.