Egg Yolk and Glycerol Requirements for Freezing Boar Spermatozoa Treated with Methyl beta-Cyclodextrin or Cholesterol-loaded Cyclodextrin
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AuthorBlanch, Eva; Tomas, Cristina; Hernandez, Marta; Roca, Jordi; Martinez, Emilio A.; Vazquez, Juan M.; Moce, Eva
Cita bibliográficaBlanch, Eva, Tomas, C., Hernandez, Marta, Roca, Jordi, Martinez, Emilio A., Vazquez, J. M., Moce, E. (2014). Egg Yolk and Glycerol Requirements for Freezing Boar Spermatozoa Treated with Methyl beta-Cyclodextrin or CholE.ol-loaded Cyclodextrin. Journal of Reproduction and Development, 60(2), 143-149.
Egg yolk (BY) and glycerol are common constituents of extenders used for sperm cryopreservation. It has been demonstrated that using cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins (CLC) improves sperm cryosurvival in several species. However, standard freezing extenders might not be the most appropriate for CLC-treated sperm. This study evaluated the EY and glycerol requirements for freezing. CLC-treated boar spermatozoa. Semen samples from 34 ejaculates coming from 4 boars were used. Each ejaculate was split into three aliquots: one was used untreated (control), and the other two were treated with 1 mg of CLC or methyl-beta-cyclodextrin/120 x 10(6) sperm for 15 min at 22 C prior to cryopreservation. Our results indicated that reducing the concentration of EY was detrimental for sperm viability after thawing (31.57 +/- 2 vs. 19.89% +/- 2 for 20 and 10% EY, respectively; P < 0.05), even in semen treated with CLC. On the other hand, it was observed that the traditional concentration of Glycerol (3%) was not the appropriate for freezing CLC-treated sperm (61.10 +/- 3 vs. 47.87% +/- 3 viable sperm for control and CLC-treated sperm, respectively; P <0.05). Thus, CLC-treated sperm showed a higher tolerance to high glycerol concentrations (5%) in terms of sperm viability (59.19% +/- 3) than non-treated sperm (45.58% +/- 3; P<0.05). Therefore, it could be necessary to modify the freeling extenders for CLC-treated sperm. Nevertheless, additional studies will be needed to evaluate alternative cryoprotectants and to determine the effect of high glycerol concentrations on sperm functionality.