Proteomic analysis of "Moncada" mandarin leaves with contrasting fruit load
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AutorMunoz-Fambuena,Natalia; Mesejo,Carlos; Agusti,Manuel; Tarraga,Susana; Iglesias,Domingo J.; Primo-Millo,Eduardo; Carmen Gonzalez-Mas,M.
A proteomic approach was used to know more about the molecular mechanism related to Citrus alternate bearing. To this end, we researched protein expression differences between on-crop and off-crop "Moncada" [Clementine 'Oroval' (Citrus clementina Hort ex Tanaka) x 'Kara' mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc. x Citrus nobilis Lou.)] mandarin leaves. This variety usually shows a remarkable behaviour in alternate production. Samples were collected in the period during which the fruit affect flowering induction. From 2D DIGE gel, 110 spots were isolated: 43 showed increased expression in the off-crop samples compared to on-crop samples, while 67 showed increased expression in the on-crop samples against off-crop samples. These spots were identified by MALDI-MS or LC-MS-MS. According to the up-expressed proteins in off-crop leaves such as proteins related to nutrient reservoir activity or to the pentose phosphate pathway, the primary metabolism was more active in off-crop trees than in on-crop trees. In contrast, the proteins up-expressed in on-crop samples such as catalase were related to the oxidoreductase activity and, therefore, the redox state seemed different for off-crop and for on-crop leaves. Other proteins with unknown functions were isolated, which could be also related to the alternate bearing and to the flowering induction. (c) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.